Pores are tiny openings on the skin that cover your entire face and body. The pores on your skin act as a portal from where hair grows; they allow sweat to pass, which keeps you cool, and they allow the body’s natural oils to be released onto the skin, which keeps skin hydrated.
Everyone has pores on their skin, but only some of us have facial pores that appear enlarged. There are many factors that contribute to enlarged pores, with the most common listed below. Luckily, some of the causes can be combated by a healthy at-home skincare regiment, regular facials, and selective skin treatments performed by a trusted aesthetician or dermatologist.
Genes play the biggest role in determining your natural pore size. Genetics are also the main reason behind one’s oily skin, which is the biggest contributing factor to pore enlargement. For one, the excess oil production can cause the skin to thicken, which results in enlarged pores, and secondly, the excess oil mixes with other substances (like dead skin cells) inside the pore to form a clog, which also causes the pore itself to enlarge.
As you grow older, your skin loses its elasticity, which makes it stretch and sag; this unfortunate occurrence makes the pores on your face appear larger in size. Additionally, your skin thickens as you age, whereby your tiny skin cells gather around each pore, making them look more prominent.
Prolonged sun exposure over time can rob your skin of its collagen, elastin, and water, which causes the underlying tissue to shrink and pull at the edges of your pores, making them sag and look bigger. Sun damage also causes your skin to thicken, which increases the appearance of pore size.
An excess amount of skin oils and dead skin cells can gather inside your pores, causing them to clog; this expands the area of your pores and increases the size of their appearance.